What Is An Orbital Diagram

What Is An Orbital Diagram. In an orbital filling diagram, the individual orbitals are shown as circles (or squares) and orbitals within a sublevel are drawn next to each other horizontally. A molecular orbital diagram, or MO diagram, is a qualitative descriptive tool explaining chemical bonding in molecules in terms of molecular orbital theory in general and the linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO) method in particular.

Drawing Orbital Diagrams - YouTube
Drawing Orbital Diagrams - YouTube (Ronald Aguilar)
Electron Orbitals Orbital diagrams are pictorial descriptions of the electrons in an atom. The orbital diagram for sulfur has seven boxes with two arrows pointing in opposite directions and two boxes with one arrow pointing up in each. The orbital diagram on the left is the correct orbital diagram, because it obeys Hund's Rule, meaning that there is less electron-electron repulsion and, as a result, the electrons have lower energies (remember, electrons always minimize their energies).

Molecular orbital diagram for hydrogen: For a diatomic molecule, an MO diagram effectively shows the energetics of the bond between the two atoms, whose AO unbonded energies are shown on the sides.

Here I use the electron configuration chart to help.

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The aufbau principle is a method for determining the electronconfiguration of an element. The orbital diagram on the left is the correct orbital diagram, because it obeys Hund's Rule, meaning that there is less electron-electron repulsion and, as a result, the electrons have lower energies (remember, electrons always minimize their energies). This just shows energy levels so let's take this a step further.

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